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Topics

Measurement of length and time

Description

Play with the Vernier Caliper Model. Test what you've learned by trying the input field.

Vernier calipers can measure internal dimensions (using the uppermost jaws in the picture at right), external dimensions using the pictured lower jaws, and depending on the manufacturer, depth measurements by the use of a probe that is attached to the movable head and slides along the centre of the body. This probe is slender and can get into deep grooves that may prove difficult for other measuring tools.
The vernier scales can be in metric measurements on the upper and lower part of the scale.
Vernier calipers commonly used in industry provide a precision to a hundredth of a millimetre (10 micrometres).
A more precise instrument used for the same purpose is the micrometer


Parts of a vernier caliper:

Outside jaws: used to measure external diameter or width of an object (Blue)

Inside jaws: used to measure internal diameter of an object
Depth probe: used to measure depths of an object or a hole ( not shown in this model)

Main scale: gives measurements in mm.
Vernier gives measurements up to one decimal places in mm
Retainer: used to block movable part to allow the easy transferring a measurement ( not shown in this model)

The Vernier calipers model has

an object (Blue) for the internal jaws to measure width of an object with slider to control width of the object and simple drag action to control position of object.
an object (Green) for external jaws to measure internal diameter of a cylinder for example with slider to control dimensions of the cylinder.
a slider for zero error slider
checkbox for hint to scaffold the learners attention and point of focus
checkbox for answer to show the meaning of reading on the main scale and the vernier scale with zero error calculations if any.
drop down menu of the various common vernier scales for sense making and additional testing out by learners their ideas of how vernier works.
fine <> control buttons for learners to manipulate the model with single incremental precision
slider control for fast changes in the vernier measurement
reset button to bring simulaton back to original (default) setting.


Sample Learning Goals

(g) describe how to measure a variety of lengths with appropriate accuracy by means of tapes, rules, micrometers and calipers, using a vernier scale as necessary.

Research

arXiv:1408.3803 [pdf]
Vernier caliper and micrometer computer models using Easy Java Simulation and its pedagogical design feature-ideas to augment learning with real instruments
Loo Kang Wee, Hwee Tiang Ning
Comments: 8 pages, 8 figures, Physics Education journal
Subjects: Physics Education (physics.ed-ph); Instrumentation and Detectors (physics.ins-det)
https://youtu.be/jHoA5M-_1R4
Intro Page http://weelookang.blogspot.sg/2015/07/ejss-vernier-caliper-model.html EJSS version http://weelookang.blogspot.sg/2010/06/ejs-open-source-vernier-calipers-java.html Original Source code by Fu-Kwun Hwang http://www.phy.ntnu.edu.tw/ntnujava/index.php?topic=567.msg2364#msg2364 Derived work by Wee Loo Kang under creative commons http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/tw/deed.en

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Blackbody Radiation

Vernier Caliper Simulation

Vernier calipers

Vernier calipers can measure internal dimensions (using the uppermost jaws in the picture at right), external dimensions using the pictured lower jaws, and depending on the manufacturer, depth measurements by the use of a probe that is attached to the movable head and slides along the centre of the body. This probe is slender and can get into deep grooves that may prove difficult for other measuring tools.

The vernier scales can be in metric  measurements on the upper and lower part of the scale.

Vernier calipers commonly used in industry provide a precision to a hundredth of a millimetre (10 micrometres).

A more precise instrument used for the same purpose is the micrometer


.Parts of a vernier caliper:
  1. Outside jaws: used to measure external diameter or width of an object (Blue)
  2. Inside jaws: used to measure internal diameter of an object
  3. Depth probe: used to measure depths of an object or a hole ( not shown in this model)
  4. Main scale: gives measurements in mm.
  5. Vernier gives measurements up to one decimal places in mm
  6. Retainer: used to block movable part to allow the easy transferring a measurement ( not shown in this model)

The Vernier calipers model has

  • an object (Blue) for the internal jaws to measure width of an object with slider to control width of the object and simple drag action to control position of object.
  • an object (Green) for external jaws to measure internal diameter of a cylinder for example with slider to control dimensions of the cylinder.
  • a slider for zero error slider
  • checkbox for hint to scaffold the learners attention and point of focus
  • checkbox for answer to show the meaning of reading on the main scale and the vernier scale with zero error calculations if any.
  • drop down menu of the various common vernier scales for sense making and additional testing out by learners their ideas of how vernier works.
  • fine <> control buttons for learners to manipulate the model with single incremental precision
  • slider control for fast changes in the vernier measurement
  • reset button to bring simulaton back to original (default) setting.



Credits:

The Vernier calipers model was created by created by Fu-Kwun Hwang, customized by Loo Kang Wee and Wolfgang Christian using the Easy Java Simulations (EJS) version 4.2 authoring and modeling tool.  An applet version of this model is available on the NTNU website < http://www.phy.ntnu.edu.tw/ntnujava/ >.

You can examine and modify this compiled EJS model if you run the model (double click on the model's jar file), right-click within a plot, and select "Open EJS Model" from the pop-up menu.  You must, of course, have EJS installed on your computer.  Information about EJS is available at: <http://www.um.es/fem/Ejs/> and in the OSP comPADRE collection <http://www.compadre.org/OSP/>.

 

For Teachers

ForTeacher

Teacher-Submitted Activities

Translations

Code Language Translator Run
de German Deutsch
es Spanish español
fr French français
in DO Indonesian (Dominican Republic) Bahasa Indonesia (Republik Dominika)
ms Malay Bahasa Melayu
ta IL Tamil (Israel) தமிழ் (இஸ்ரேல்)
th AI Thai (Anguilla) ไทย (แองกวิลลา)
tl Tagalog Tagalog
zh NG Chinese (Nigeria) 中文 (尼日利亚)

Software Requirements

SoftwareRequirements

Android iOS Windows MacOS
with best with Chrome Chrome Chrome Chrome
support fullscreen? Yes. Chrome/Opera No. Firefox/ Sumsung Internet Not yet Yes Yes
cannot work on some mobile browser that don't understand JavaScript such as..... cannot work on Internet Explorer 9 and below

 

Credits

Fu-Kwun Hwang; lookang

end faq

http://iwant2study.org/lookangejss/01_measurement/ejss_model_AAPTVernierCaliper/AAPTVernierCaliper_Simulation.xhtml

Apps

Get it on Google Play Cover arthttps://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.ionicframework.vernierapp777926

https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/vernier-calipers-simulator/id1163657388?mt=8 

 iCTLT2016 ePosterGuide Example

{/source}

Video  iCTLT2016 Sample of ePoster by  lookang lawrence wee

Video

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JsBHciYPMJI

https://youtu.be/zz4Fha5sISo


https://youtu.be/qXtE07tbK8s

 

 

Version:

  1. http://weelookang.blogspot.sg/2015/07/ejss-vernier-caliper-model.html by Fu-Kwun Hwang and lookang JavaScript version blogpost
  2. http://weelookang.blogspot.sg/2010/06/ejs-open-source-vernier-calipers-java.html by Fu-Kwun Hwang and lookang Java version blogpost
  3. http://iwant2study.org/lookangejss/01_measurement/ejs/ejs_model_AAPTVernierCaliper.jar by Fu-Kwun Hwang and lookang OSP@SG digital library copy
  4. http://www.opensourcephysics.org/items/detail.cfm?ID=9707 by Fu-Kwun Hwang and lookang first Open Source Physics catalog item
  5. http://www.phy.ntnu.edu.tw/ntnujava/index.php?topic=1408.0 by Fu-Kwun Hwang with different measure jaws options
  6. http://www.phy.ntnu.edu.tw/ntnujava/index.php?topic=684.0 by Fu-Kwun Hwang and lookang remix Java version
  7. http://www.phy.ntnu.edu.tw/ntnujava/index.php?topic=567.0 by Fu-Kwun Hwang with zero errors

 

Other Resources

  1. http://physci.kennesaw.edu/html5/tm-vernier.html by Taha Mzoughi 
  2. https://3dwarehouse.sketchup.com/model.html?id=8d9c6f18404cb75dc918062ff9c5ac49

Developer notes

 

Simulation completed on 4 Nov:

1. Vernier Caliper

    - enlarged the dragme objects on the bottom scale (yellow) and bottom object (blue) to help make the dragging easier on smaller mobile screen

    - added "mm" on top scale

    - added checkAndroid for fullscreen

    - removed bug for initial tail values (yellow) when measuring depth. (so that yellow tail won't "pierce" through the pink container.

end faq

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