### About

# One dimensional diffusion equation

The simulation demonstrates the analytic solution of the one dimensional diffusion equation. A delta pulse at the origin is set as the initial function. This setup approximately models the temperature increase in a thin, long wire that is heated at the origin by a short laser pulse.

The analytic solution is a Gaussian spreading in time. Its integral is constant, which means that the laser pulse heating energy is conserved in the diffusion process.

To avoid the singularity of the delta function at time *t = 0 *the
calculation starts at *t = 0.0001 sec *with a Gaussian of
corresponding narrowness. It is visible as a **blue line** before
start.

After **Start** the maximum amplitude (temperature) falls at a
decreasing rate (observe the changing scale), while the width of the
distribution grows correspondingly.

**Arrows **indicate the *1/e* width. Time *t* is counted in
an **number field** in seconds.

A **slider** defines the diffusion constant (heat conductivity)
within a wide range.

## One dimensional diffusion equation

∂Φ/∂t = *a *∂^{2}Φ/∂t^{2
}

With normalized delta function as initial function

*Φ(0,0) = δ(0) = 0 for x≠0 and ∫δdx
= 1*

the analytic solution is a normalized Gaussian function.

*Φ(x,t) = exp(-x ^{2}/at) / sqrt (4πat)*

*1/e- *width: *at*

maximum amplitude: *1 / sqrt (4πat)*

**E1:** Measure the time dependence of the maximum amplitude and draw
its graph on log-linear paper. Choose an appropriate diffusion constant
and consider the changing scale.

**E2:** Do the same for the 1/*e* width of the distribution. Use
a log-quadratic system for drawing, too.

**E3: **Interpret your measurement by analysis of the Gaussian
formula.

### For Teachers

### Translations

Code | Language | Translator | Run | |
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### Software Requirements

Android | iOS | Windows | MacOS | |

with best with | Chrome | Chrome | Chrome | Chrome |

support full-screen? | Yes. Chrome/Opera No. Firefox/ Samsung Internet | Not yet | Yes | Yes |

cannot work on | some mobile browser that don't understand JavaScript such as..... | cannot work on Internet Explorer 9 and below |

### Credits

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; Fremont Teng; Loo Kang Wee

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### Sample Learning Goals

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### For Teachers

## One Dimensional Diffusion Equation JavaScript Simulation Applet HTML5

### Instructions

#### Diffusion Constant Slider

#### Toggling Full Screen

#### Play/Pause, Step and Reset Buttons

Research

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### Video

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### Version:

### Other Resources

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